Catalonia lies in the northeastern corner of the Iberian Peninsula and occupies six per cent of Spain. Barcelona, its capital, lies almost exactly halfway along its coastline, which in turn stretches a quarter of the way down Spain’s Mediterranean seaboard. Barcelona is the main bridging point to the Catalan-speaking Balearic Islands.
Catalonia’s northern border with France runs along the crest of the Pyrenees and is punctuated by Catalan-speaking Andorra. Its western and southern borders adjoin the Spanish regions of Aragon and Valencia.
The Canary Islands, This chain of seven islands in the Atlantic is 1,150 km (700 miles) southwest of Cadiz and 150 km (70 miles) off Morocco.
Barcelona City Centre
Set Between The Mountains And The Sea, which still play an integral part in city life, Barcelona is a rare city, a patchwork of distinctive districts telling the story of its growth from a medieval core to the 19th-century expansion and today’s ultra-modern showpieces. The three main sightseeing areas described in this guide illustrate this startling diversity. The hill of Montjuic, abutting the sea, forms the southwestern end of an arc of steep hills that almost completely encloses the city. It is a district of monumental buildings and open spaces.
The Old Town has a superb Gothic heart with a myriad of narrow streets twisting among ancient houses. The densely populated Eixample, in contrast, is a district of immensely long, straight streets and superb Modernista architecture.
Montjuic, There are wonderful views from the top of this large hill. Several of Barcelona’s best museums are here, including the Archaeological Museum which displays this Roman mosaic excavated in the city.
Eixample, This area covers the most interesting part of the city’s 19thcentury expansion.
Walks along its streets will reveal countless details of the Modernista style, such as this ornate doorway of Casa Comalat in Avinguda Diagonal.
OldTown, This area includes all the oldest districts of Barcelona and its port, the 18th-century fishing “village” of Barceloneta and the new waterside developments. This new swing bridge is in the Old Port.